What are the ABCs of diabetes?
- Measures your average blood glucose over the last three months.
- Blood pressure. High blood pressure makes your heart work too hard.
- LDL or “bad” cholesterol, can clog your blood vessels.
Speak to your healthcare provider about how to reach your ABC target numbers to lower your risk for a heart attack, stroke and other diabetes problems. (12)
Target for most people
How often to measure
|A1C||Less than 7%||2-4 times a year|
|Blood Pressure||Less than 130/80||At every regular provider visit|
|Cholesterol (LDL)||Less than 100||At least once a year (12-13)|
How can I reach my ABC targets?
- Check your blood glucose and your blood pressure as often as your healthcare team recommends.
- Stop smoking. Ask for advice on how to quit, if you smoke.
- Take any medications your healthcare provider prescribes and ask if low-dose aspirin might be helpful for you.
- Get regular checkups of your kidneys, feet and eyes and report any changes too your health-care provider.
- Ask for help if you feel down or have trouble handling stress. (13)
What food and activity choices can help me reach my ABC targets?
- Choose healthy foods. Eat more fruits and vegetables, fish, lean meats and chicken or turkey without the skin. Bake, broil or grill your meat and keep your portion sizes small. Also, eat beans, whole grains and low-fat or skim milk and cheese.
- Be active. Aim for 30-60 minutes of exercise most days of the week.
- Reach and stay at a healthy weight for you. (14)