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Top 10 Most Common First Aid Mistakes

Top 10 Most Common First Aid Mistakes

In case of first aid emergencies, here are some tips on what NOT to do.

 

#1 In case of a burn...

What NOT to do:

Do not put butter on burns. The butter makes it easier for burned skin to get infected.

What to do:

Run cold water over the burn, and put a loose, clean bandage on top of the burn. If you see blisters, contact your healthcare provider.

 

#2 In case a child swallows poison...

What NOT to do:

Do not give your child Ipecac syrup to make him or her throw up, or anything else to eat or drink.

What to do:

Call your healthcare provider or Poison Control at (800) 222-1222. They will tell you the next steps to take.

 

#3 In case of a sprain or broken bone...

What NOT to do:

Do not apply heat to the injury, as it will not lessen the pain.

What to do:

Apply a cooling pack of ice (wrap the ice in a towel to protect the skin). It will help make the painful swelling go down.

 

#4 In case of a person who is injured in a car accident...

What NOT to do:

Do not move someone who has just been in a car accident. The bones in the person’s spine may have broken, and moving the person can cause paralysis.

What to do:

Call for medical help immediately. Only move the person if the scene of the accident becomes unsafe (for example, if a car is on fire), or if the person needs to be moved to a flat surface for CPR.

 

#5 In case of a serious bleeding wound in the arm or leg...

What NOT to do:

Do not tie a string or bandage tightly around the arm or leg, above the wound. The tight string, also called a tourniquet, stops blood flow from getting to the rest of the arm or leg.

What to do:

Put a clean cloth or gauze on the wound and bandage it firmly. Then apply pressure. If the bleeding doesn’t stop and the person is at risk of losing too much blood, only then should you use the tourniquet. Call for medical help if the bleeding is really bad, if the wound is dirty, or if it was cause by an animal or human bite.

 

#6 In case of a minor cut...

What NOT to do:

Do not cover the cut with cream and a bandage. To heal, a cut needs fresh air.

What to do:

Wash the cut with soap and cool water. Keep it dry-no creams. Change the bandage twice a day to keep the cut clean. The bandage should be looser at night, and a little tighter during the day.

 

#7 In case of a Allergic reaction to a bee sting...

What NOT to do:

Do not treat at home. This can be very dangerous.

What to do:

Go to the Emergency Room immediately if you have any of the following symptoms: trouble breathing, at tight throat, or swollen tongue. Talk to your healthcare provider about an EpiPen, a self-injection kit that contains medicine called epinephrine. Having an EpiPen on hand can save a life.

 

#8 In case of a frozen arm or leg...

What NOT to do:

Do not run very hot water over a frozen arm or leg. Our bodies can’t handle extreme changes in temperature.

What to do:

Instead, run lukewarm water over the arm or leg to warm it slowly.

 

#9 In case of a high fever...

What NOT to do:

Do not treat fever by rubbing alcohol on the skin. Even if your mom did this in the past, it is actually dangerous. The skin can absorb the alcohol and can cause poisoning (especially in young children).

What to do:

Give the person a medicine like Tylenol or Motrin. If the fever lasts more than a few days, contact your healthcare provider.

 

#10 In case of dirt in the eye

What NOT to do:

Do not rub the eye. Rubbing can cause you to scratch your eye.

What to do:

Rinse the eye with water or ask your pharmacist about a special eyewash liquid. (18)

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