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Heart Disease

Heart Disease

What is heart and vessel (cardiovascular) disease?

Heart disease includes several problems, some of which are related to the buildup of plaque in the walls of arteries, also known as atherosclerosis. Plaque causes the arteries to narrow, making it harder for blood to flow. When your blood vessels become narrowed and clogged, you may have these problems. (1)

Angina

Type of pain you may feel in your chest, arms, shoulders or back. The pain may be more intense when your heart beats faster, such as when you exercise. it may also go away when you rest. You may sweat a lot and feel very weak. If you experience chest pain while active, contact your healthcare provider. (2)

Heart attack

When your heart can’t get enough blood because a blood vessel in or near your heart becomes blocked. During a heart attack, you may have chest pain with nausea, indigestion, extreme weakness and sweating, or you may have no symptoms at all. if your chest pain persists, call 911. (3)

Stroke

When the blood supply to your brain is blocked. If you havesudden trouble walking,speaking and understanding, paralysis or numbness on one side of your body or face, trouble seeing or severe headache, call 911. (4)

 

What are some other types of heart problems?

Heart failure

when the heart is not pumping as well as it should.(5)  Symptoms may include shortness of breath, leg, ankle or foot swelling, rapid or irregular heartbeat, difficulty exercising, persistent cough or other symptoms. (6)

Abnormal heart rhythms

when the heart beats too fast, too slowly or in an irregular way. The result can be an insufficient amount of blood being pumped to meet the body’s needs.Some abnormal heart rhythms require medical treatment to avoid other complications, such as a heart attack or stroke.

Heart valve problems

involve the doors between your heart’s chambers. If they don’t close or open properly, blood can leak through or leak backward. (1)

Peripheral arterial disease, or PAD

can happen when the openings in your blood vessels narrow and your legs and feet don’t get enough blood. (7) You may feel leg pain when you walk or exercise. Some people feel numbness or tingling in their feet or legs or have sores that heal slowly. (8)

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